Nasal Congestion: Causes, Treatment and Prevention

nasal congestion

Nasal Congestion is a situation where our nose tissues and blood vessels become swollen. It causes excess fluid to fill up inside the nose and leads to a runny nose. 

It is found mainly in cold weather in older children and adults. It might be proven as a dangerous disease if not cured on time. It is caused due to viral infection or common cold and can cause sinus pain and builds up mucus. 

Causes of Nasal Congestion

In this, our nose becomes inflamed. The most common causes of nasal congestion are as follows:

  • Flu
  • Cold
  • Stuffy nose
  • Sinus infection
  • Allergy
  • Tumour
  • Hay fever
  • Illness
  • Deviated septum
  • Environmental irritants
  • Chronic sinusitis
  • Chemical exposures
  • Hormonal fluctuations
  • Dry nasal membranes
  • Bronchiolitis
  • Medications
  • Enlarged adenoid
  • Injury
  • Vasomotor Rhinitis
  • Swollen adenoid glands
nasal congestion

Treatment for Nasal Congestion

Home Remedies

it can be cured at home only. Humidifiers can be used to add moisture to the environment that will eventually fill inside the nose and fix your nasal passageways. 

  • Saline sprays help cure mucus. 
  • A steam bath helps in nasal congestion.
  • Drink enough water.
  • Try nasal irrigator, bulb syringe, sterile water, neti pot to moisturize the nasal. 
  • Take warm breathes by keeping a warm towel above your nose. 
  • Sleep by keeping head elevated.
nasal congestion

Steam Inhalation

Stay awake and alert while doing this, as it may burn your skin. Follow the instructions carefully. Take boiling water in a large container. Cover your hand with a towel, then place your head above the box.

Breathe in and out deeply for about 5-10 minutes. Repeat this process 2-3 times a day to get rid of nasal congestion.

nasal congestion steamer

Menthol vapors

Vicks and olbas have menthol as an active ingredient. You can buy this from a local chemist shop. Rub this gel in the chest or breath in and out by putting this in hot water. This is also available in throat sweets that can be inhaled to cure nasal congestion. It clears the throat and nose and releases vapor to clean the nose. 

Decongestant sprays and drops for the nose

These are very effective to cure blocked nose. it quickly unblocks the nose and gives relief. It takes about one week to fix a blocked nose. Children should not use this. You can get these from the market under ephedrine, ipratropium, xylometazoline, and oxymetazoline.

Decongestant tablets and syrups

It is also available in liquid form, and it is much easy to use even for a more extended period. The main components are phenylephrine and pseudoephedrine. It is available under several brand names in the market. Please consult your doctor before consuming it, as it may have side effects or allergic reactions.

Decongestant tablets and syrups

Steroid preparations for nose

steroid sprays reduce swelling inside the nose. it is applied directly in the nose. it is entirely safe for use for a more extended period. It can be easily absorbed by a nose. it does have some side effects, so consult your doctor before using it or in the case you are using it for a more extended period. 


An ENT specialist may suggest some tests to understand the root cause of nasal congestion. You might also be asked for a blood test or some skin tests to check for allergic reactions.


You may take a pain reliever to prevent sinus pressure on the nose. to help the runny nose; you can consume antihistamines. It also prevents sneezing

Prevention Of Nasal Congestion

  • Avoid going out in pollution.
  • Reduce use of air conditioning
  • Prevent illness
  • Avoid allergic triggers in the body. 
  • Drink more water.
  • Avoid harsh fumes.
  • Rinse your nose.
  • Conserve your energy. 
  • Get instant sinus medications. 

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