Metabolism is a reaction between body cells that breaks food into energy. Energy is required to do everything, including sleeping and thinking. It is a continuous process that regulates our body.
How does it work?
When we eat, our digestive system breaks the molecules to obtain energy. If we look at a deeper level, living organisms are made up of protein. Protein is responsible for movement in our body. It is categorized into two parts catabolism and anabolism.
Catabolism obtains energy by breaking up the protein molecules. These molecules form amino acids. Our digestive system uses an enzyme that turns fats and carbohydrates into fatty acids and sugars, respectively.
Anabolism synthesis compounds according to the requirement of cells. The human body needs sugars, fatty, and amino acids. Anabolism transfers these with the help of blood that absorbs these compounds. If this energy is not being consumed, it is stored in the body in the tissues of muscles, liver, and body fat. Anabolism is the process of storing, maintaining, and growing cells.
Any unwanted substance is flushed out through the skin, kidney, lungs, and intestines.
What Controls Metabolism?
Hormones present in the body are responsible for metabolism. The endocrine system controls the direction and rate of metabolism. Many enzymes play a different role in accomplishing the required rate.
Calorie intake is also responsible for metabolism. If your bodies require fewer calories, but you are eating more, the metabolism will reduce in your body and will store more fat resulting in weight gain. Each food has different calories and results in a different metabolism rate.
What is the role of carbohydrates in metabolism?
Carbohydrates come to the body in three forms: fiber, starch, and sugar. Starch and sugar are the main sources of energy. The body needs glucose to do all the activity. The reaction for the combustion of glucose can be given as
C6H12O6 + 6O2——> 6CO2 + 6H2O + energy
Our diet contains half of the carbs such as pasta, bread, rice, wheat, potato, etc.
What is the role of protein?
Protein is one of the main tissue that builds up the body. Protein promotes hemoglobin formation, enzymes and helps in cell function and structure. Protein is a vital substance in producing energy.
What is the role of fat?
Fat produces maximum energy as compared to carbs and protein. It forms a protective layer around important organs and allows storing energy that can be used later.
What is the role of vitamins and minerals?
There are many vitamins and minerals that are important for our body. These include calcium, vitamin A, phosphorous, B2(riboflavin), iron, nicotinic acid, sodium, pantothenic acid, sodium, iodine, potassium, fluorine, chloride ions, magnesium, chloride ions, zinc, copper, manganese, and cobalt. The deficiency of any of these in the body can cause deficiency syndrome.
Why is metabolism important?
A healthy metabolism rate is required for the proper functioning of the body. It maintains the healthy functioning of the brain and heart. It also balances the calories intake by the body.
What creates metabolism?
Nutrition is the solution to metabolism. Pathways depend on the breakdown to produces energy. This energy then turns to synthesize proteins and nucleic acids.
How does it affect aging?
The rate of metabolism reduces with time. You will find it difficult to eat few extra calories and burn them easily. Reasons behind this are aging of metabolism process also, lack of attention, and muscle loss.
What foods help metabolism?
There are foods that help in maintaining the rate. The foods are as follows:
- Nuts and seeds
- Chili peppers
- Coconut oil
- Apple cider vinegar
- Green leafy vegetables