ISCHEMIA: 7 Important Facts

ISCHEMIA

OVERVIEW

Our body needs many different things to do today’s work and keep going. These include sleep, exercise, food, water, etc. Our body follows a specific breathing process. When we inhale, oxygen goes inside the lungs then enters our blood. It then travels in the whole body through veins, blood vessels, and arteries. 

Blood vessels and veins are of different lengths and structures. But if any of these stops function, you suffer from a severe problem called ischemia. In this, some parts of your body are not getting enough blood, may it be the brain, heart, or kidneys. With a lack of blood, they are also unable to get blood to function. 

You get this disease because of blockage in arteries or veins. Its consequences are so harmful that it can even cause you a heart attack or stroke. 

TYPES OF ISCHEMIA

MYOCARDIAL ISCHEMIA

When our heart does not receive enough blood, it simultaneously prevents the heart muscle from receiving oxygen. The reduction in blood flow results from a blockage in coronary arteries, be it partial or complete. This disease is also called cardiac ischemia. It also causes rhythmic abnormalities in the heart. 

It either occurs slowly when arteries get blocked over a while or when it gets blocked suddenly.

CAUSE OF MYOCARDIAL ISCHEMIA

CORONARY ARTERY DISEASE (ATHEROSCLEROSIS)

This is caused when excess cholesterol gathers in our body and starts occupying walls of the artery, and prevents blood flow. It’sIt’s one of the most common causes. 

BLOOD COT

Plague develops in ATHEROSCLEROSIS in the form of cholesterol. This plagues when breaks cause a blood cot. This results in sudden blockage of an artery, resulting in a heart attack.

ISCHEMIA

TREATMENT OF MYOCARDIAL ISCHEMIA

Its process involves improvement in the blood flow to the heart muscles. Treatment includes medication, bypass surgery, or opening blocked arteries.

Choose a healthy lifestyle and consume food good for your heart.

SYMPTOMS OF MYOCARDIAL ISCHEMIA

At first, this disease does not show any signs or symptoms. When it occurs, chest pain is one of the common symptoms. Other symptoms include:-

  • Jaw or Neck Pain
  • Armor Shoulder Pain
  • Increased rate of heartbeat
  • Vomiting
  • Nausea
  • Sweating
  • Fatigue

RISK FACTORS OF MYOCARDIAL ISCHEMIA

Risk factors that develop the source of this disease in the body are as follows:-

  • TOBACCO: – We all know that smoking kills. Long-term exposure to smoke damages the lungs and inside walls of arteries. This slows down the flow of blood and also starts gathering cholesterol and other harmful substance. It also increases the risk of the blood clot.
  • DIABETES: – It is directly linked to all heart problems, including heart attack.
  • HIGH BLOOD PRESSURE: – It stimulated the risk of atherosclerosis that damages coronary arteries.
  • HIGH BLOOD CHOLESTEROL LEVEL: – As cholesterol is one of the main components of the deposits in the body, may it heredity or because of poor diet habits, it’s mandatory to control its level—the high level of cholesterol results in the narrowing of coronary arteries.
  • OBESITY: – It is directly associated with diabetes, high cholesterol levels, and high blood pressure. 
  • WAIST CIRCUMFERENCE: – Our waist measurement is 90cms and 102 cms for women’s and men’s. If this increases, it will lead to the risk of diabetes, high blood pressure, and cholesterol levels. 
  • LACK OF PHYSICAL ACTIVITY: – Exercise is essential to our body. Exercise helps our body stay fit, regulates blood pressure, and prevents heart disease.

COMPLICATIONS IN MYOCARDIAL ISCHEMIA 

It is a disease directly related to the heart. Thus its complications are severe, that are just listed below:- 

  • Heart attack
  • Heart failure
  • Arrhythmia (irregular heartbeat)

PREVENTION OF MYOCARDIAL ISCHEMIA

lifestyle and diet play a vital role in its prevention. Follow a lifestyle that is healthy for the heart and eat healthy foods. Try to avoid excess carbs in your body.

SILENT ISCHEMIA

Many people face this disease without noticing it. This occurs without pain, thus called silent ischemia. This heart attack occurs without any warning. People suffering from angina can also be observing having episodes of this disease. People with diabetes or whose has suffers heart attack earlier are more prone to develop this.

DIAGNOSIS OF SILENT ISCHEMIA

Get a test of exercise stress. Monitor your ECG at a regular interval of time. These two are the main ways to diagnose silent ischemia.

MESENTERIC ISCHEMIA

It occurs when your kidneys do not receive enough blood. This is because the narrowed artery or a blocked artery does not allow blood flow. It can also damage the small intestine permanently. It can be cured by sudden surgery, preventing the formation of a blood clot. It can also be treated with Angioplasty or surgery.

ACUTE MESENTERIC ISCHEMIA

It can be defined as the interruption of blood supply in various parts of the body but mainly in the small intestine. If this disease is not cured, it will cause deadly intestinal necrosis

SIGNS & SYMPTOMS OF ACUTE MESENTERIC ISCHEMIA

The list of signs and symptoms of this disease is listed below:-

  • Severe, abrupt abdominal pain.
  • Fever
  • Nausea
  • Vomiting

CHRONIC MESENTERIC ISCHEMIA

It is also called intestinal ischemia. It occurs when plagues or cholesterol builds around the walls of the small intestine and bowel movement and prevents blood flow.

MESENTERIC ISCHEMIA
SIGNS & SYMPTOMS OF CHRONIC MESENTERIC ISCHEMIA
  • Abdominal pain
  • Increased pain that worsens over an hour

CAUSES OF ISCHEMIA

  • Its leading cause is atherosclerosis. Arteries are the place where plaques get collected that is hard, sticky, and mostly contain fats. 
  • The blood flow gets blocked because it has less space to move through the arteries. 
  • It can also occur due to blood clots. Plague, if not cured, opens up and forms the clump. This causes abrupt blood flow. 

SYMPTOMS OF ISCHEMIA

It’sIt’s easy to identify the symptoms of ischemia. Symptoms related to different parts of the body are listed below:-

SYMPTOMS ON HEART

  • Chest pain
  • Increased heartbeat
  • Pain in neck, jaw, shoulder, arm
  • Shortness of breath
  • Upset stomach

SYMPTOMS ON BRAIN

  • Headaches
  • Passing out
  • Weakness
  • Numbness
  • Slurred speech

SYMPTOMS ON LEGS

  • Coldness
  • Weakness
  • Pain
  • Shiny skin
  • Soreness
SYMPTOMS ON LEGS

SYMPTOMS ON INTESTINES

  • Belly pain
  • Bloating
  • Diarrhea
  • Throwing up

COMPLICATIONS IN ISCHEMIA

  • Altered sensation
  • Amputation
  • Blindness
  • Bowel loss
  • Decreased cognitive function
  • Heart failure
  • Paralysis
  • Weakness
  • Permanent disability

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