Indigestion (Dyspepsia): 6 Detailed Treatments

indigestion

Indigestion

Indigestion is a stomach discomfort associated with the digestion of food. It is also called dyspepsia. In general, it is an upset stomach in the upper abdomen that causes pain. It is caused due to eating habits or chronic digestive problems. 

Symptoms of Indigestion

Common symptoms

Symptoms include

  • Bloating
  • Acidic taste
  • Burn-in stomach
  • Growling stomach
  • Abdominal pain
  • Gas
  • Vomiting
  • Nausea

Severe Symptoms

  • Heat burn
  • Less appetite
  • Bloody vomit
  • Fatigue
  • Chest pain
  • Trouble swallowing
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Causes of Indigestion

It is a result of overeating or eating without chewing properly. Spicy, fatty foods with more oil also lead to discomfort. Lying down just after eating also causes indigestion.

The other reason for indigestion includes:

Diseases

  • Intestinal blockage
  • Gastric cancer
  • Pancreatic abnormalities
  • Celiac disease
  • Peptic ulcers
  • Stomach cancer
  • Constipation
  • Bowel syndrome

Medication

  • High dose of medication
  • Nutrition supplements
  • Antibiotics
  • Painkillers
  • Steroid medications
  • Contraceptive pills

Lifestyle

  • Smoking
  • Alcohol
  • Anxiety
  • Drug intake
  • Eating habits
  • High intake of caffeine, beverage, chocolate
  • Stress

Diagnosis of Indigestion

If you have any of the above symptoms, kindly consult a doctor. It will require in-depth knowledge to identify the source of discomfort you feel. Try to give your doctor each tiny detail about what you have eaten to your doctor to diagnose the situation. 

Your doctor will reach the root and will try to eliminate the condition and cure the symptom. You might ask for several blood tests, X-rays. You might also require going through upper endoscopy to analyze the situation closely. Endoscopy is a process used to look inside your stomach. It uses a camera and light to produce images. 

Treatment of Indigestion

There are several ways to treat this. With treatment, there are also side effects that we will discuss further. The various methods of treatment are listed below.

H2RAs (H2 receptor antagonists) 

It cures by reducing stomach acid. Its side effects are as follows:

  • Nausea
  • Bleeding
  • Vomiting
  • Headache
  • Diarrhea
  • Constipation
  • Itching

Prokinetics

It helps improving muscle action between digestive areas. The side effect of this medicine are as follows:

  • Fatigue
  • Depression
  • Involuntary spasms
  • Anxiety

PPIs (Proton Pump Inhibitors)

These are also used to remove stomach acid but are powerful than H2RAs. Its side-effects include:

  • Constipation
  • Headache
  • Vomiting
  • Cough
  • Nausea
  • Abdominal pain

Antibiotics

Indigestion relief process also includes antibiotics. They treat an infection that might be causing indigestion.

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Surgery

If the situation gets worse, the health practitioner might suggest surgery. The surgery is called Laparoscopic Antireflux Surgery.

Home Care

Since medication can not only cure such disease, the cause for this disease is our lifestyle. With an improvement in our day-to-day schedule, we can prevent this. Adopt a healthy lifestyle for prevention as well as a cure from indigestion.

Complications of Indigestion 

Although it does not have any severe or life-threatening complications, it can do affect our physical as well as mental health. You might lose some targeted daily work because of the side effects of medications. 

Prevention of Indigestion

The reason behind indigestion is only our diet or lifestyle. To prevent this, avoid the situation or food that causes this. Here are some evergreen tips to prevent indigestion.

  • Eat a small portion of food at a time.
  • Take proper sleep.
  • While eating, swallow the food properly.
  • Keep a minimum 3hrs time gap between each meal.
  • Avoid foods that are rich in fat, acids, or oil.
  • Do not rest just after eating.
  • Reduce the quantity of caffeine.
  • Avoid beverages.
  • Avoid meals just before going to bed at night.
  • Maintain a healthy and balanced diet.
  • Don’t exercise just after the meal.
  • Manage stress.
  • Do not wear skin-tight clothes.
  • Avoid alcohol consumption.
  • Stop smoking.
  • Do not take lots of medicine together.
  • Reduce bodyweight if you are overweight.
  • Get plenty of rest.
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