Arterial Hypertension is a situation in which high pressure of blood goes from heart to lungs. It is a different situation from general high blood pressure.
When a person is suffering from Pulmonary Arterial Hypertension (PAH), the arteries of the lungs become narrow. It becomes difficult for the blood to flow through them and that creates pressure in the lungs. Heart muscles also gets weak because they are working hard to pump the blood to the lungs, this automatically leads to heart stroke or failure.
Causes of Arterial Hypertension
There is a condition called idiopathic pulmonary hypertension, in which doctors are unable to find a reason for arterial hypertension. It can be because of genes also but cases like these are very less.
In other cases, causes of arterial hypertension are given below;
- Liver or lung diseases
- Over consumption of illegal drugs
- Blood clots in lungs
- Heart related issues
- Sleep disorder
- Heart defect by birth
Arterial Hypertension Symptoms
Every individual shows different symptoms for different problems along with some common symptoms. Arterial Hypertension is a disease which shows its symptoms slowly and gets worse by each passing day. It takes time to notice the symptoms of arterial hypertension.
- Swelling in limbs
- Chest pain
- Regular headaches
Arterial Hypertension Treatment
Treatment for arterial hypertension varies from person to person depending on the condition of the patient. First thing first is to treat the main cause of arterial hypertension. If the main cause is (for example) chest pain, then the first thing to do is to treat the same.
If you face the problem of blood clotting then a doctor will suggest blood thinners. If you experience breathing issues then a doctor will recommend you oxygen therapy which will improve your breathing and will make exercises easy.
Then comes medication especially made to treat arterial hypertension. The list of medications include:
- Pills: ambrisentan (Letairis), bocentan (Tracleer), macitentan (Opsumit), riociguat (Adempas), selexipag (Uptravi), sildenafil (Revatio), tadalafil (Adcirca), treprostinil (Orenitram)
- Inhalers: Iloprost tromethamine (Ventavis), treprostinil (Tyvaso)
- IV drugs: epoprostenol sodium (Flolan, Veletri), treprostinil
5 ways to cure Arterial Hypertension
- Get proper sleep– Try to get a good sleep of minimum 7 hours everyday. Sleep on time and wake up on time. Try to avoid late nights.
- Eat healthy– Today’s generation is all about junk food eating. This junk or preserved food is not good for the health. It increases cholesterol level in the body which leads to various diseases including arterial hypertension.
- Regular workouts – Indulge in at least one hour of workout everyday. It can be in any form like dance, running, jogging, cycling, etc. It is not mandatory to go to the gym, you can also workout at home.
- Meditation – Meditation helps in relieving the tense nerves of our body. Prioritize yourself and indulge in 15 minutes of meditation daily. If done properly, it calms down our mind and fills our body with positivity.
- Go on a vacation– Whenever you feel heavy inside, try to leave everything and go on a small vacation. Try to choose places near your residence, this will make your travel easier. Leave your phone and all electronic gadgets at home and rejuvenate yourself.
These are some best remedies to cure hypertension if it is in the initial stage.
If your condition is now only treatable with the medicine then also keep in mind certain things like; always follow the doctor’s guidance, quit smoking and drinking alcohol, take care of yourself and take your medications according to the prescribed dosage.
Pulmonary arterial hypertension is a condition that is easily treatable with the help of medicines and the recovery ratio of this disease is quite high.
Risk and Complications
Every disease comes with certain risks and complications. Arterial hypertension is usually a problem in the age ranging between 30 – 60. This problem increases with time and age. Risk and complications associated with this disease are given below;
- Overweight – It is a condition in which your height and weight don’t balance. Obesity or being overweight is the most common factor leading to many diseases. People often take this problem for granted but in actual scenario it should be taken care immediately.
It is often seen that people end up taking some sort of drugs to reduce weight rapidly. These drugs cause severe issues later in life.
- Medical history or heredity – Pulmonary arterial hypertension can be due to some medical history like chest, lungs or liver related issues. The other reason can also be heredity. Heredity means that this problem is prevailing in the family from previous generations.
But the good thing is that this problem is treatable in both the conditions with proper care and medication.
- Blood clots and bleeding in lungs – Pulmonary arterial hypertension causes blood clots in the small arteries in the lungs and makes it more difficult to pass the blood in the body, this leads to more work of heart and results in heart failure.
This disease also causes unusual bleeding in lungs which results in coughing out blood and eventually leads to death.
- Pregnant or breast feeding women – PAH can be very dangerous for pregnant women and for breast feeding mothers. This can create problems in the development of the baby.
It is very important to take care of yourself. Understand your inner self and worship your body as you will remain with it till your life time.